How are the host cities for the Olympic Games chosen?
The bid process leading to the election of an host city for the Games is split into three phases (each lasting approximately one year) and is governed by the Olympic Charter (Rule 33 and its bye-law):
- Phase I: Invitation Phase
- Phase II : Applicant Phase
- Phase III: Candidature Phase
With the adoption in December 2014 of Olympic Agenda 2020, a strategic roadmap for the Olympic Movement, the IOC has introduced the Invitation Phase where NOCs are invited to declare their interest in bidding to the IOC.
During this phase, the so-called Applicant Cities must answer a questionnaire prepared by the IOC. A group of experts then examines the answers, after which the IOC Executive Board chooses the official “candidates” from among the Applicant Cities.
During this phase, the Candidate Cities must submit a file in response to a second questionnaire from the IOC. This covers a wide range of topics, including the Olympic village, transport, security, accommodation, sports and venues, the environment and marketing.
An Evaluation Commission then analyses the various candidature files and produces a report for the IOC members, allowing them to judge each city’s ability to host the Games.
Election of the Host City
At the IOC Session, the IOC members vote by secret ballot to elect the host city.
- What conditions must cities fulfil to be candidates to stage the Olympic Games?
- Who chooses the host city for future Olympic Games?
- Who assesses the candidature files of the cities wishing to host the Games?
- What were the results of previous elections of the host city?
- Who organises the Olympic Games?
- Where will the next Olympic Games be held?
- When was PyeongChang chosen as the host city of the 2018 Winter Games?