How are the host cities for the Olympic Games chosen?
Numerous criteria are considered when choosing a host city. Since 1999, the election procedure has lasted two years.
During the first phase, the so-called Applicant Cities must answer a questionnaire prepared by the IOC. A group of experts then examines the answers, after which the IOC Executive Board chooses the official “candidates” from among the Applicant Cities.
During the second phase, the Candidate Cities must submit a file in response to a second questionnaire from the IOC. This covers a wide range of topics, including the Olympic village, transport, security, accommodation, sports and venues, the environment and marketing.
An Evaluation Commission then analyses the various candidature files and produces a report for the IOC members, allowing them to judge each city’s ability to host the Games.
Lastly, at the IOC Session, the members vote to elect the host city.
- What conditions must cities fulfil to be candidates to stage the Olympic Games?
- Who chooses the host city for future Olympic Games?
- Who assesses the candidature files of the cities wishing to host the Games?
- What were the results of previous elections of the host city?
- Who organises the Olympic Games?
- Where will the next Olympic Games be held?
- When was Sochi chosen as the host city of the 2014 Winter Games?